Wednesday, December 3, 2008

PASKO - Dula-dulaan

Sinulat nina: Laura B. Corpuz at Pacita D. Morales

Unang Tagpo
(Tanawin: Loob ng bahay)

(Naghahanda ang mag-anak papunta sa simbahan. Tumutugtog ang kampana.)

Nanay: “Dalian ninyo mga anak. Baka mahuli tayo sa misa.”

Anak 1: “Nandiyan na po ako, Nanay.”

Anak 2: “Hintayin ninyo ako. Hindi ko makita ang sapatos ko.”

Anak 3: “Handa na po ako, Tatay.”

Anak 4: “Ako rin po.”

Nanay: “O sige, hihintayin namin kayo sa labas ng bahay, mga anak.”

Tatay: “Mag-ingat kayo sa paglalakad sa kalsada.”

(Lalakad ang mag-anak papuntang simbahan.)

Tilon

Pangalawang Tagpo
(Tanawin: Labas ng simbahan matapos ang misa)

(May mga tindera. May tugtuging pamasko.)

Nanay at Tatay: “Maligayang Pasko sa inyo, mga anak.”

Mga Anak: (Magmano) “Maligayang Pasko rin po sa inyo, Nanay at Tatay.”

(May mararaanang mga tindera ang mga bata paglabas ng simbahan.)

Anak 1: “Ano po ang tinda ninyo?”

Tindera 1: “Mayruon akong puto at kutsinta.”

Anak 1: “Pagbilhan po ninyo ako ng puto.”

Anak 2: “Mayruon po ba kayong suman?”

Tindera 2: “Mayruon ako, anak. Ilan ba ang gusto mo?”

Anak 2: “Dalawa po.”

Anak 3: “Kina Lolo at Lola na lang ako kakain, Ate. Hindi pa naman ako gutom.”

Anak 4: “Ako rin; maraming magluto si Lola, marasap pa!”

Nanay: “Halina kayo kina Lolo at Lola. Hinihintay nila tayo.”

Tatay: (Kakatok sa pinto ng bahay nina Lolo at Lola.)

Lolo: (Bubuksan ang pinto.) “Tuloy kayo mga anak.”

Tilon

Pangatlong Tagpo
(Tanawin: Loob ng bahay nina Lolo at Lola)

Mga Anak: “Mano po, Lolo. Mano po, Lola.”

Lolo at Lola: “Kaawaan kayo ng Diyos, mga anak.”

(Nanay at Tatay – magmamano rin)

Ninong at Ninang: (Naka-upo sa silya.)

Anak 1: “Mano po, Ninong. Mano po, Ninang.”

Ninang at Ninong: “Kaawaan ka ng Diyos.”

Anak 2: “Lola, ang sarap naman ng amoy ng luto ninyo!”

Lola: “Para sa ating salu-salo ang lahat ng niluto ko.”

Lolo: “Halina na kayo, mga anak. Nakahanda na ang mga pagkain natin para sa Noche Buena.”

Anak 3: “Gutom na nga ako eh.”

Anak 4: “Sabi ko na inyo eh, maraming magluto si Lola, at masarap pa.”


(Matapos kumain - Hahaplusin ang tiyan sa busog at magkukuwentuhan)

Anak 2: “Nanay, Tatay, sana’y maging Pasko araw-araw para narito tayong lagi kina Lolo at Lola.”

Mga Anak: “Lolo, Lola, aalis na po kami.” “Maligayang Pasko po ulit sa inyo at Manigong Bagong Taon sa lahat.”

Nanay at Tatay: “Maraning salamat po sa handa ninyong mga pagkain. Busog na busog po kaming lahat.”

Buong Mag-anak: (Muling mag-mamano kasabay ang pagpapaalam.) “Paalam na po.” “Mamasko pa po kami sa ibang kamag-anak natin pagkagising sa umaga.”

Lolo at Lola: “Mag-iingat kayo sa daan.”

Tilon

Mga Tauhan:

Lolo at Lola: Lucas at Pacita Morales
Ninang at Ninong: Thelma Capati at Wilmer Andrada
Nanay at Tatay: Laura Corpuz at Lito Capati
Mga Anak: Aileen Capati, Jennifer at Robert Estoye, Zenaida Falcon
Mga Tindera: Perlita Nichols at Magdalena Raboza
Tagapagsalaysay: Alona Corpuz at Belinda Falcon
Musika: Renato Blancaflor at Daisy Franada
Tilon: Ric Corpuz at Carlito Vero

Itinanghal sa Hotel Pere Marquette, Peoria, Illinois 61602, Disyembre 15, 1987.

Wednesday, July 23, 2008

HISTORY OF HAGONOY, BULACAN

Note: http://www.hagonoy.com/ had previously posted information of this town of Hagonoy. Thanks to Raul Roberto for all his efforts in compiling all the information about our home town.



Hagonoy, Bulacan
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Municipality of HagonoyBayan ng Hagonoy
Location

Map of Bulacan showing the location of Hagonoy
Government
Region
Central Luzon (Region III)
Province
Bulacan
District
First Congressional District of Bulacan
Barangays
26
Income Class:
1st Class municipality
Mayor
Angel L. Cruz
Physical characteristics
Population
Total (2000)
111,425

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.Please improve this article if you can. (November 2006)


Hagonoy is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 111,425 people in 22,174 households, in a total land area of 90.38 square kilometres.


[edit] History
The town was named after the "hagonoy", a medicinal plant that used to be abundant by its river banks. The original populace used its leaves as their herbal remedy of choice for common illnesses.



Hagonoy is a long ridge with a lake in its edge by the Manila Bay called "Wawa", which is now part of Barangays San Sebastian & San Nicolas. This was where the first cross in this town was erected by the Spaniards. According to the town's legend, the cross was buried in the heart of this municipality; and every year the cross becomes bigger because of the Catholic faith of the Hagonowenyos.


The legend originated from the hagonoy plant. In the 15th century, some friars took a boat from Manila to the province of Bulacan and reached what was then called Quinabalon (meaning "pinag-alaman" - which was then still a part of the town of Calumpit). This is now the Barangays of Sta. Monica & Sto. Nino) .



At that time, a very charming lass was so popular among the young men of the locality. She had many suitors and admirers. One day, she fell ill. She needed someone to get leaves of the hagonoy plant by the river(which is now called Sapang Pari---because the friars and priests used this river to commute).


A man offered to promptly get some leaves of the plant and in deep gratitude, she promised to marry him. As he was gathering the leaves of the hagonoy plant for his dearly beloved, the group of friars in a passing boat stopped to ask him, "Quien vive?" (where are we?). The man did not understand Spanish and was extremely intimidated by the guardia civil (Spanish civil guard)that escorted the friars. Thinking that they were asking what he was grasping in his hands, he quickly retorted "hagonoy po!" (hagonoy sir!) and scampered away.


These were the first Dominican friars that got into town and they noted the place's name as "Hagonoy". Hence, the origin of the illustrious town's name.The town's patron saint is St. Anne (the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary) or fondly called Apo Ana in the vernacular by the natives. She is enshrined at the church eponymously named after her in the poblacion. This church was elevated into the status of a minor basilica when it was consecrated as the National Shrine of St. Anne.


[edit] Barangays
Hagonoy is politically subdivided into 26 barangays (7 urban, 19 rural).
Abulalas
Carillo
Iba
Mercado
Palapat
Pugad
Sagrada Familia
San Agustin
San Isidro
San Jose
San Juan
San Miguel
San Nicolas
San Pablo
San Pascual
San Pedro
San Roque
San Sebastian
Santa Cruz
Santa Elena
Santa Monica
Santo Niño (Pob.)
Santo Rosario
Tampok
Tibaguin
Iba-Ibayo


[edit] Points of Interest
National Shrine of St. Anne in the Philippines -the 16th century church that established by the Augustinian in Hagonoy and the only "National Shrine" built for the Mother of Our Virgin Mary here in the Philippines (with the relics of Sts. Anne and Joachim came from the International Shrine of St. Anne in Quebec, Canada.)


Municipal Hall of Hagonoy - it is the most proud of hall of the Hagonoy's official.


Bulacan Garden - the plants that grow in the land of Hagonoy. Located in San. Agustin Hagonoy, Bulacan





Thursday, July 3, 2008

Colegio Medico Parmaceutico Pilipino Inkorporada

Awit sinulat ni Felicisima Balatbat Bacon, M.D.

Sa Perlas ng Silangana'y anong inam pagmalasin
Na may mga manggagamot na dakila ang hangarin
Mga parmasiyotikong kasama sa adhikain
Na maglingkod sa kapuwa isang banal na tungkulin.
~
Gintong layuning 'pinunla ng mga dakilang nagtatag
Nitong bantog na samaha'y buong pusong tinutupad
Paglingap sa kapus-palad; may digmaan ma't tag-hirap
Ang wagas na pagmamahal panahon ang nag-uulat.
~
Korus
~
Colegio Medico Parmaceutico Pilipino Inkorporada
Ang sagisag ng bandila'y tinatanghal sa tuwina
Kalusuga'y manatili, kayamanang nadarama
At palawigin ang buhay na handog ng Diyos Ama. 2x

Private School Health Officers Association Hymn

Lyrics composed by Felicisima Balatbat Bacon, M.D.
~
To deserve the confidence on us, we pledge
We give ourselves our very best
It is a grace God's given gift
Protect the school children's precious health.
~
Elevate the standard of our profession
And update on scientific modernization
To grow professionally and preserve friendship
The noble goals we most cherished.
~
Chorus
~
Make total men out of our children
National greatness, their achievement
Uphold high the banner of our mission
Private School Health Officers Association (2x)

PHILIPPINE ACADEMY OF PHYSICIAN IN SCHOOL HEALTH

Composed by Felicisima Balatbat Bacon, M.D.

1. A strong and relevant society we belong
Worthy of high and noble admiration
Ethical norms, the guide in our profession
Assert immutable, invisible mission.
~
2. A forefront in professional growth
And venue for interaction
We assist students of school age
And youth, in spirit of fraternal cooperation.
~
3. Philippine Academy of Physician in School Health
Dedicated to serve with love
Glorifying the Lord as we care for our children
The future hope of our motherland.
~
Repeat 3

Gloryfying the Lord as we care for our children
The future hope of our motherland.

HCCS Non-Teaching Family Club Hymn

Composed by: Felicisima Balatbat Bacon, M.D.
~
Binuo at itinanghal sa tulong ng Poong Maykapal
May matibay na ugnayan kasapi at pangasiwaan
Layunin ay mapaunlad katayuang pangkaisipan
Pang-kaluluwa, pang-katawan, pang-kalinanga't panlipunan.

Holy Child Catholic School Non-Teaching Family Club
Kapit-bisig sa pag-unlad; sa damayan bukas-palad
May bahaginan ng kaalaman, magmahalan, magtulungan
Maglingkod sa nakararami, sa
1 Diyos Ama ay magpuri
2 Diyos Ama ay magpuri, sa Diyos Ama ay magpuri.

Tuesday, May 20, 2008

Girl Scouts Songs - San Miguel Elem. School, Hagonoy

Songs we learned from Mrs. Martha Alphonso, our Girl Scout Leader, and from other Girl Scout leaders.


~


Make New Friends (Round Song)





Make new friends, but keep the old


One is silver and the other is gold.

A circle's round, it has no end


That's how long I want to be your friend


I have a hand, and you have another


Put them together and we have each other.
~


Each Campfire Lights Anew




Each campfire lights anew

The flame of friendship true.

The joy we've had in knowing you

Will last our whole life through.



~

Cuckoo




Oh I went to Peter's flowing stream

Where the water's so good

And I heard there the cukoo

As she called from the woods



Ho-li-ah, ho-le-rah-hi-hi-ah, Ho-le-rah cukoo.

Ho-le-rah-hi-hi-ah, Ho-le-rah cuckoo.

Ho-le-rah-hi-hi-ah, Ho-le-rah cukoo

Ho-le-rah-hi-hi-ah-ho.




A - Patter on knees; 1 - slap knees; 2 -clap hands; 3 -snap fingers.

~

Vreneli





O Vreneli, my pretty one

Pray tell me where's your home?

My home, it is in Zwitzerland

It's made of wood and stone

My home, it is in Zwitzerland

It's made of wood and stone.




Yo, ho, ho, Tra la, la (7x)

~

Who Made All ...?



Who made all the birds that fly

Birds that fly, birds that fly?

Who made all the birst that fly?

God in heaven above.



Who made all the flowers that bloom?

Who made all the fish that swim?

Who made all the dogs that bark?

Who made all the bunnies that hop?

Who made both of you and me?



Alouette



Alouette, gentille Alouette

Alouette, je te plumerai
Je te plumerai la tête
Je te plumerai la tête
Et la tête
Et la tête
Alouette
Alouette

O-o-o-oh



She'll Be Coming Down the Mountain



She'll be comin' round the mountain when she comes (whoo whoo)

She'll be comin' round the mountain when she comes (whoo whoo)

She'll be comin' round the mountain

Blowin' steam off like a fountain,

She'll be comin' round the mountain when she comes. (whoo whoo)

~

Girl Scouts Together


Girl Scouts together, that is our song.

Winding the old trails, rocky and long.

Learning our motto, living our creed.

Girl Scouts together in every good deed.

Girl Scouts together, happy are we.

Friendly to neighbors, for o'er the sea.

Faithful to country, loyal to home.

Known as true Girl Scouts, wherever we roam.

~

Whene'er You Make a Promise(Round Song)



Whene'er you make a promise

Consider well it's importance

And when made,

Engrave it upon your heart.

Friday, May 16, 2008

Games - San Miguel Elementary School Class of '55 Reunion Games

Prepared by Laura B. Corpuz
laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu
~
(Some of these games are also played by the Filipino-American Society of Central Illinois (FASCI) during their summer picnics and bus trips.)
~
1. Fruit Basket Upset - Players bring different kinds of fruit. (apples, bananas, pears, plums,etc.) Everybody forms a big circle. Leader calls "apples". All players holding apples exchange places. Leader calls "bananas" and all players holding bananas exchange places. Continue till all the fruits are called repeating the movement. When the leader yells "fruit basket upset", all the players exchange places.
Variation: Assign places to all the players. When "it" yells "fruit basket upset," the one who does not find a place becomes "it."
~
2. "COOPERATION" -
Find long words like: cooperation, class reunion, congratulations, happy anniversary, international, etc. On a 2x2 size paper/card print each of the letters. Prepare 2 sets of same letters forming a specific word. Place all letters in 2 separate sealed envelopes. Divide players into 2 groups. Give an envelope to one team and theother envelope to the other team. Give them 5 - 10 minutes to form theword that would spell out the letters in the envelope. The team who gets done first wins.
~
3. Mummify -
Need: Couples, lots of toilet paper rolls (one roll per couple). Have players find a partner. Give each partner a roll of toilet paper and challenge them by wrapping his partner with the toilet paper. Whichever partner is beautifully and artistically wrapped wins the game.
~
4. Escavenger Hunt - Hide items/objects in the room/on the playground. Ask players to find them and bring them back to you. Those who found the item must keep it a secret. Make sure there's enough hidden objects for the players to find.
~
5. "Silly Game" -
Ask players questions like: Who's the oldest in the group/class? Who's the youngest in the group/class? Who has the most children? Who has the most grandchildren? Who has the biggest extended family living with them? Who wears dentures/false teeth? Who lives the farthest (except those from abroad)? Who is a widow/widower? Who has a son/daughter abroad? Who has a hole in his socks? Who took a mint from the restaurant? Who has brown shoes on? Who borrowed money from his sister/brother? Does anybody have toothpick? Did somebody bring fresh fruit today? Who has a new bookbag? Who brought a library book today? Who has a white undershirt on? Who has a religious item in his purse/bag? Who has a pain killer in his possession? Who has powder puff/comb/hairbrush, etc.? Who colors his/her hair? Who's wearing nail polish?
~
6. Mews-ical -
Number of players: 10 or more one person, called the cat, leaves the room while a toy mouse is hidden. The cat returns and tries to find the mouse. He is guided by "mew-sic" - The players mewing softly when he is far away, or cold, and loudly as he nears the object. When he finds the mouse he chooses a new person to take his place as the cat.
~
7. Bean quiz -
Number of players: 15 or more each player is given 10 beans. Players move about, asking questions. They try to trick one another into answering with "yes" or "no." Each time a person answers "yes" or "no," he gives one bean to the questioner. The one holding the largest number of beans at the end of the game or after 5 minutes, is the winner.
~
8. Egg plugging -
Number of players: Even number of players each of the players has a hard-boiled egg. They then tap the small ends together. The one who succeeds in breaking the shell of his opponent's egg is the winner. ~ Variation: In a large group, pair off, and match winners.
~
9. Mail (Air mail/regular mail/international mail/email) -
Number of players: Any. Players form two rows facing each other. When leader calls air mail -players move/sway to the right. When leader calls local mail - players move/sway to the left. When leader calls international mail - players exchange places. When leader calls email - players move fingers like they were typing. This is a no loser game. Everybody wins.
~
10. Pom, Pom, Pullaway -
Number of players: 10 or more two lines, 30 - 50 feet apart, are marked by trees, sticks or stones, orTape. All players except one, who is "it," stand back of one of theThese lines. "It" stands in the center of the playing field and calls: "Pom, Pom Pullaway! If you don't come, I'll pull you away." At this call, all players must leave the line and run across to the opposite line. "It" tries to tag as many as possible before they reach the line. Anyone who is tagged, joins "it" and tries to catch the other players. The game continues until all players are caught.
~
11. Good Egg -
Number of players: 5 or more. One player is the egg tester. The others are eggs. The eggs sit in a circle on the ground with knees high against the chin and feet flat on the ground, hands clasped tightly about the knees. The tester goes from one another, testing them by giving them a push against the knees. This push rocks the player upon his back. If the player is bale to rock back to his original position without breaking the handclasp, he is a good egg. If the player cannot recover his original position, he is a bad egg. He must then take the tester's place.
~
12. Musical Sheet -
Number of players: Any, Music. Spread bedsheet(s) on the ground. Players go around the bed sheet. When the music stops, players step onto the bed sheet. The bed sheet is then folded in half. Players continue to go around the bedsheet(s) while the music is playing and step onto the bedsheet(s) again when music stops. Fold the bedsheet(s) in half again. Continue playing until the bedsheet(s) is folded into its smallest size. Whoever is left standing on it wins the game.
~
13. Slipper Relay -
A large pair of house slippers or rubbers is needed for each team; they must be larger than required by the largest player so that they will be kept on with difficulty. On signal, the first player puts the slippers on, runs to the turning line, returns, takes the slippers off and gives them to the second player who repeats the activity. If the slippers fall off they must be replaced before continuing.
~
14. Shoe relay -
Halfway between the starting line and turning line, mark a line across the floor or ground. The first player of each team runs to this "marked" Line, takes off his shoes and leaves them, runs to the turning line, returns to the "marked" line, puts on his shoes, and runs to the starting line, touching off the second player. The shoes must be completely laced. Continue until all have run. When there are 2 teams, whoever gets done first wins the game.
~
15. Water Bucket Relay ~
Need: 2 buckets with water. Use 2 large buckets with water one for each team. The first player walks carrying the bucket filled with water, goes around the turning point and comes back to the line. Touching the next player in line, hands the bucket, who repeats the activity. The team that finishes first with less water spilled wins the game.
~

16. Driving the Pig to Market -
The teams arranged in parallel lines. Give the first player of each team a wand or 3-foot stick cut from a broomstick and a "pig" in the form of a pop bottle, indian club, or bowling pin (improvise any). On signal, the first player of each team drives the pig to the turning line and back by pushing and batting it with the wand. The wand and the pig are then turned over to the next player who repeats. Continue until all have run. The team finishing first wins.
~
17. Clothesline Game -
Need: clothesline or rope and clothespins.
Have a couple of players hold the rope. Clip clothespins on the rope and start the game.
Contestants place one hand behind his back. With only one hand, take as many clothespins as he can without dropping any. The one that can take the most wins the game.
~
18. Safety Pins Game -
Need: Couples, lots of safety pins (husbands must be out of sight). With only the wives standing still, have another player pin clothespins everywhere on the the clothes (front, back, lower hem, sleeves, neck, skirt, pants, etc. Bring the husbands in and have them look for the pins. The one that finds the most pins wins the game. (No coaching please!)
~
19. Balloon Popping -
Need: colorful balloons ties any number of players air the balloons and tie 3 together on one player's leg. Each Player will try to pop the other players' balloon while protecting his on his legs. The more balloons, the more fun. See who wins the game.
~
20. Water Balloon Toss -
Need: Balloons filled with water players ready to get wet form 2 lines facing each other. Give balloons to one group and start tossing the balloons to their partners. Repeat the procedure till most of the balloons have popped. The partners that do not pop the balloon while tossing back and forth wins the game.
~
21. Flour Blowing -
Need: Cups half filled with flour, players, eye/sun glasses for eye protection. Players start blowing the flour out of the cups. The one that gets done first wins the game.
~

22. Girl’s Bending Body

(Note: To test our motor skills we tried all the body movements when we returned to the starting point. That was when we were young and agile. It was tiring but a lot of fun.)

Need: At least 2 girls, 8 – 10 years old each with a pair of wooden shoes.
Draw the starting and turning points 8-10 feet apart. Each player places 1 wooden shoe on the ground at the turning point. Players start simultaneously.

Player looks at the opposite direction and tosses the other wooden shoe to the one on the ground. If the shoe made a contact with the one on the ground, player goes back walking to the starting point. If not, the player picks up the wooden shoe; touches the one on the ground then goes back walking to the starting point.

Body Movements: Walking, foot twisting, skipping, hopping, back bending

Walking:

Player, holding one shoe and with eyes closed; walks to the wooden shoe on the ground and touches it with other shoe then walks back to starting point.
Player carries one shoe on the head and drops it on the shoe on the ground; walks back to the starting point.
*
Player places one shoe on the shoulder and drops the shoe on the one on the ground. Picks up the shoe and walks back to the starting point.
*
4. Repeat the procedure placing shoe on stretched arm, between legs, back of bended knee, between knees, foot, and between ankles.
*
Foot Twisting: Put body weight on the heel, twist, then put body weight on the toe, twist repeatedly. Do this movement with steps 2, 3, 4.
*
Skipping: Repeat steps 2, 3, & 4.
*
Hopping: Repeat steps 2, 3, & 4.
*
Body Bending: After all body movements/routines have been performed, player holds one shoe, walks toward the other shoe on the ground. Player turns around looking at the opposite direction; bends body backwards and with the shoe she’s holding touches the other shoe on the ground. Player comes back up and walks back to the starting point. There’s more laughing and giggling when one player is unable to touch the other shoe on the ground.

Game is over.

March 18, 2005

Thursday, May 15, 2008

Tula, Tugma at Awiting Pambata Tagalog at Ingles (Salamat sa San Miguel Elementary School)

(Previously posted in http://www.hagonoy.com/)
Tinipon ni Laura B. Corpuz (laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu)

~
Ang Po at ang Opo


(Grade 1 - Rosalina Sebastian)
~

Ang bilin sa akin ng ina't ama ko

Maging magalangin mamumupo ako

'Pag kinakausap ng matandang tao

Sa lahat ng lugar sa lahat ng dako.

~

"Pag ang kausap ko'y matanda sa akin

Na dapat igalang at dapat pupuin

Natutuwa ako na bigkas-bigkasin

Ang "po" at ang "opo" ng buong paggiliw.

~

Ang Bisiro

(Grade 2 - Josefa T. Leon)
~
Ako'y may bisiro, o munting kabayo

Pula ang balahibo, at sinasakyan ko.

Damo ang pagkain, pulot ang inumin

Kung tumakbo'y matulin, katulad ng hangin.

~

Niyog

~

(Grade 3 - Leticia B. Sunpongco)


Ito palang niyog, bagong tumutubo

Langit na mataas siyang tinuturo.

'Pag ito'y lumaki't nasunod ang anyo

Lupang tinubuan duon din ang yuko.

~

Pagtawid sa Daan

(Grade 1 - Rosalina Sebastian)

Bago tumawid sa daan

Tumingin sa kaliwa't kanan

Nang hindi magulungan

Ng tumatakbong sasakyan.

~




The Owl

(Grade 4 - Jose Reyes)

~

Of all the queer birds I ever did see

The owl is the queerest by far to me.

For all day long, he sits on a tree

And when the night comes, away flies he.


~




The Little Plant by Kate L. Brown




(Grade 4, Jose Reyes)




~




In the heart of the seed




Burried deep so deep




A dear little plant




Lays fast asleep.




~




"Wake," said the sunshine




And creep to the light."




"Wake," said the voice




Of the raindrops bright."




~




The little plant heard




And it rose to see




"What a wonderful




Outside world might be."




~




Si Ale Kong Nena (Awit)




(Grade 2 - Josefa T. Leon)




~




Si Ale kong Nena'y sumalok ng tubig




Nahulog sa balon naging gumamela




Ipinagtanong ko kung sino'ng kumuha




Si kapitang Pepe, tala sa umaga.




~




May Taong Nagtanong (Awit)




(Grade 2 - Josefa T. Leon)




~




May taong nagtanong




Ang daan kung saan




May batang sumagot




"Sa banda po riyan."












"Salamat sa iyo,"




"Wala pong anuman




Natutuwa akong




Kayo'y matulungan."




~




Sari-saring Tugma




(Grade 3 - Leticia B. Sunpongco)




~




Kumain ka ng mangga
Kumain ka ng papaya
Hindi magtatagal
Ikaw ay gaganda.
~
Uminom ka ng gatas
Kumain ka ng itlog
Hindi magtatagal
Ikaw ay bibilog.
~

Little Sister

(Grade 1 Dance-song - Rosalina Sebastian)
~
Little sister, dance with me
Both my hands I give to thee
Right foot first, left foot then
Round about and back again.
~
Let you feet fo tap, tap, tap
Let your hands go clap, clap, clap
Right foot first, left foot then
Round about and back again.
~
Let your head go nick, nick, nick
Let your fingers go click, click, click
Right foot first, left foot then
Round about and back again.
~

Mr. Postman (Song)
(Grade 4 -Jose Reyes)
~

Mr. Postman have you any Valentine?
Among so many that you think
Was sent to me?
Postman, look in your bag for me.

~

Valentine, Valentine
Is there one that you know is mine!
Postman, please you look and see
Is there one in your bag for me?

~

Tootle, Tootle, Tee

(Grade 5 - Norma Trajano)

~

I will make a whistle, jolly as can be

I'll blow merrilly tootle, tootle, tee

I'll whistle all the night and I'll blow all the day

And everyone will beg me, please to go away

Tootle, tootle, tootle, tootle, too-tootle

Blow my little whistle, tootle, tootle, tee.

~

My Mother

Who dressed my darling clothes so gay,

And taught my pretty prayer today,

And minded all what I had to say?

My mother, my mother!

Who ran to help me when I fell, I fell,

And taught me how to story tell, story tell,

And kissed me when I'm ill?

My mother, my mother, my mother!

~

Lullaby (Sleep My Darling Baby)



Sleep my darling baby, mother is not far away

Sleep my pretty baby, stars now shed their softest day

Sleep my darling baby, sleep, guardian angel watches near

Sweetly sleep till morning, my darling baby dear.


~


Lovely Evening (Round Song)

(Grade 6 - Vicente D. Santos)

Oh how lovely is the evening, is the evening

When the bells are sweetly ringing, sweetly ringing

Ding, Dong, Ding, Dong.

~

Music Alone Shall Live

All things shall perish from under the sky;

Music alone shall live, music alone shall live

Music alone shall live, never shall die.

~

Don't You Go to Far Zamboanga

~
Female:

Don't you go, oh don't you goTo far Zamboanga

Where you may forget your darling far away.

Don't you go, oh don't you goFor if you leave me

How can I without you stay?


Male:

Oh weep not, my dear paloma.

Oh weep not, for I'll return.

Oh weep not, my little darling,

I shall remember and I shall yearn.

~

















Wednesday, May 14, 2008

SALAWIKAIN AT KASABIHAN (Mula sa Mga Pahina ni Laura) laurabc@bradley.edu

~ Tinipon ni Laura B. Corpuz
laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu

* Pahaba-haba ng prusisyon, sa simbahan din ang tuloy.

* Aanhin mo ang palasyo kung ang nakatira ay kuwago;
mabuti pa ang bahay-kubo kung ang nakatira ay tao.

* Ang karukhaan ay hindi hadlang sa pagtatagumpay.

* Ang paala-ala ay mabisang gamut sa taong nakakalimot.

* Ang mababa ay maganda, may dangal at puri pa.

* Ang kalusugan ay kayamanan.

* Ang taong nagigipit kahit sa patalim ay kumakapit.

* Kung pukulin ka ng bato, tinapay ang iganti mo.

* Hangga’t makitid ang kumot magtiis mamaluktot.

* Magsisi ka man at huli ay wala nang mangyayari.

* Mahuli man at magaling ay naihahabol din.

* Ang nauuna ay nagsisisi; nagkukumamot ang nahuhuli.

* Nasa huli ang pagsisisi.

* Ang pagkakaton sa buhay ay madalang dumating;
kapag narito na ay ating samantalahin.

* Kung hindi ukol ay hindi bubukol.

* Balat man at malinamnam, hindi mo matitikman.

* Matalino man ang matsing, napaglalalangan din.

* Bawat palayok ay may kasukat na suklob.

* Batang-puso madaling marahuyo.

* Kung saan nahihilig duon din nabubuwal.

* Tikatiktik man kung panay ang ulan, malalim mang ilog ay mapapaapaw.

* Naghangad ng kagitna, isang salop ang nawala.

* Ang bulsang laging mapagbigay, hindi nawawalan ng laman.

* Araw-araw ay “corpus” kung pista ay upos.

* Ubus-ubos biyaya, maya-maya ay nakatunganga.

* Kung ano at sukat ng ohales, iyon din ang sukat ng butones.

* Nasa tao ang gawa; nasa Diyos ang awa.

* Kung binigyan ng buhay, bibigyan din ng ikabubuhay.

* Ang iyong kakainin ay sa iyong pawis manggagaling.

* Buhay-alamang, paglukso ay patay.

* Isang kahig; isang tuka.

* Buntot mo; hila mo.

* Kung nasaan ang asukal, naruon ang langgam.

* Walang mapait na tutong sa taong nagugutom.

* Lahat ng gubat ay may ahas.

* May alagang ahas.

* Ang anumang kasulatan ay dapat lalagdaan.

* Nasa taong matapat ang huling halakhak.

* Ang tunay na kaibigan ay karamay kailan man.

* Ang tunay na kaibigan ay nakikilala sa kagipitan.

* Ang matapat na kaibigan ay tunay na maaasahan.

* Turan mo ang iyong kaibigan; sasabihin ko kung sino ikaw.

* Ang tunay mong pagkatao, makikilala sa gawa mo.

* Ang tao kapag mayaman, marami ang kaibigan;
kung mahirap na ang buhay masalubong man sa daan hindi na babatiin; hindi pa rin titigan.

* Magkulang ka na sa magulang huwag lamang sa biyenan.

* Ang pag-aasawa ay hindi biro; ‘di tulad ng kanin, iluluwa kung mapaso.

* Nakikita ang butas ng karayom subalit hindi makita ang butas ng palakol.

* Kung gaano kataas ang lipad gayon din ang lagapak pag bagsak.

* Hampas ng kalabaw, sa kabayo ang latay.

* Mahirap malipol ang masamang damo.

* Kapag ang ilog ay matahimik, asahan mo at malalim.
Kapag ang ilog ay maingay, asahan mo at mababaw.

* Tulak ng bibig kabig ng dibdib.

* Papunta ka pa lamang ay pauwi na ako.

* Ang lumalakad ng mabagal, kung matinik ay mababaw. Ang lumalakad ng matulin, kung matinik ay malalim.

* Ang hindi lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay hindi makararating sa paruruonan.

* Ang langaw ng dumapo sa kalabaw ay mataas pa sa kalabaw ang pakiramdam.

* Maraming salita; kulang naman sa gawa.

* Madaling sabihin subalit mahirap gawin.

* Wala kang mabubunot sa taong kalbo.

* May tainga ang lupa at may pakpak ang balita.

* Kung ano ang itinanim, iyon din ang aanihin.

* Ako ang nagtanim, ang nagbayo at nagsaing saka nang maluto’y iba ang kumain.

* Aanhin pa ang damo kung patay na ang kabayo.

* Kung matigas ay bato; kung malambot ay tao.

* Pili nang pili; natapatan ay bungi.

* Huwag magbilang ng manok hangga’t hindi napipisa ang itlog.

* Kung sino ang unang pumutak, siya ang nanganak.

* Nauntog akong minsan, ayaw ko nang mauli; baka sa susunod ngipin ko pa ang mabungi.

* Huwag kang magbintang kung hindi mo nakakamayan.

* Magkupkop ka ng kaawa-awa; langit ang iyong gantimpala.

* Ang mabuting gawa ay kinalulugdan ng madla.

* Kung ang nabasagan ay hindi nanghinayang, ako pa kayang nakabasag lamang?

* Kapag bukas ang kaban, nagkakasala sinuman.

* Ang butong tinangay ng aso, walang salang nalawayan ito.

* Ang utang ay utang; hindi dapat kalimutan.

* Ang iyong hiniram isauli or palitan
Upang sa susunod, hindi ka makadalaan.

* Kung labis ang tamis ang lasa ay mapait.

* Ang bungang hinog sa sanga matamis ang lasa. Ang bungang hinog sa pilit kung kainin ay mapait.

* Walang humawak ng lutuan na hindi naulingan.

* Sala sa lamig; sala sa init.

* Gawin mo sa kapuwa mo ang nais mong gawin niya sa iyo.

* Ang sakit ng kalingkingan ay damdamin ng buong katawan.

* Ang mabigat at gumagaan kapag pinagtulung-tulungan.

* Masakit ang katotohanan.

* Madaling pumitas ng bunga kung dadaan ka sa sanga.

* Ibong sa ahola'y ikinulong nang mahigpit kapag nakawaly's hindi na babalik.

* Barang ginamit mo sa iyong kapuwa, siya ring panukat sa iyong pagkadapa. (Mula sa tula ni Laura - Ang Tubig, http://www.ofw.bagongbayani.com/)

* Ang karunungan ay kayamanan gamitin mo sa kabutihan.

* Kahoy mang babad sa tubig, sa apoy huwag ilapit
'pag ito' naradang sa init, sapilitang magdidikit.

* Nawawala ang ari, ngunit ang uri ay hindi.

* Pagsapit ng gabi'y laging may umaga.

* Sa larangan ng digmaan nakikilala ang tapang.

* Kung may hirap ay may ginhawa.

* Kung may isinuksok, mayruong madurukot.

* Kung may itinanim, mayruon ding aanihin.

* Walang pagod magtipon walang hinayang magtapon.

* Kung ano ang taas ng pagkadakila, siya ring lagapak kapag nadapa.

* Ang pag-ilag sa kaaway ang tunay na katapangan.

* Bago mo batiin ang dungis ng ibang tao, dungis mo muna ang tingnan mo.

* Nang makatagpo ng damit na payong, ang abang anahaw ay 'di na malingon.

* Ano man ang tibay ng piling abaka ay wala ring silbi kapag nag-iisa.

* Minamahal habang mayruon; kung wala ay patapun-tapon.

* Ang gawa sa pagkabata dala hanggang sa pagkamatanda.

* Ang taong maiingitin lumigaya may ay sawi rin.

* Sa taong may tunay na hiya, ang salita ay panunumpa.

* Walang matiyagang lalake sa pihikang babae.

* Walang matibay na baging sa mahusay maglambitin.

* Ang bayaning nasugatan, nag-iibayo ang tapang.

* Kung takot ka sa ahas iwasan mo ang gubat.

* Matutuyo na ang sapa nguni't hindi ang balita.

* Ang tunay na anyaya ay may kasamang hila.

* Binatang taring, buwal may'y tayo rin.

* Ikaw ana bahala; ako ang kaawa-awa.

* Ang damdaming nasugatan gumaling may ay balatukan.

* Ang anumang mabigat ay gumagaan kung pagtutulung-tulongan.

* Pahaba-haba ng prusisyon, sa simbahan din ang tuloy.

* Ang taong nagigipit kahit sa patalim ay kumakapit.

* Ang nauuna ay nagsisisi, nagkukumamot ang nahuhuli.

* Kung hindi uko, hindi bubukol.

* Balat man at malinamnam, hindi mo matitikman.

* Matalino man ang matsing, napaglalangan din.

* Bawat palayok ay may kasukat na suklob.

* Batang puso madaling marahuyo.

* Kung sann nahihilig duon din nabubuwal.

*

*

*





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*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

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*

Friday, May 9, 2008

Married Life's Recipe ~ Laura B. Corpuz

~
1 cup fine thoughts
2 cups refined deeds
1 cup kisses
1 cup hugs
1 cup positive attitude
3/4 cup sacrifices
1/2 cup forgiveness
3/4cup patience
2 cups understanding
1 cup commitment
1/3 cup entertainment
3 cups of responsibilities
1 bundle of joy
1 booklet of prayers
dash of fragrant praises

Combine the above ingredients. Garnish with lots of love, faith, and hope.
Serve warm to the family and friends with the sweetest smile from the heart. It will grace your home at anytime.

From the kitchen of Laura B. Corpuz (laurabc@fsmail.bradley.edu)
Posted 5/5/2008

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

HAPPY MOTHER'S DAY

~

Heart is so big to keep us close and dear
Advices are always wise and best for us
Presence is a remedy when child is ill
Patiently and silently weeps when in pain
Youth once and now is a good mother

Many sleepless nights from birthing on
Our triumphs make her feel great and proud
Teaching children to be kind and polite
Holds children gently in time of sorrows
Endless love for all her children is marvelous
Religiously raising us to have a bright future
Sacrifices she endures are truly incredible

Devotion to the family is everlasting
Admirable model for her growing children
Your love is the foundation of an ideal family

Laura B. Corpuz
March 18, 2006

Friday, April 11, 2008

Bamboo: An Economic Source for Filipinos

By: Laura B. Corpuz, laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu

When you hear the word "bamboo" you think thin, tall, and pliable. Filipinos may be thin but not all tall, but have you heard of Filipinos being called “bamboo people?” It’s not surprising. We should be proud of it because Filipinos are very resourceful; we utilize every part of this plant, the “bamboo,” from its shoots to dust.


They eat bamboo shoots.
They use bamboo as anchors.
They use bamboo for railings.
They make bamboo savings bank.
They build fences using bamboo.
They make bamboo barbecue sticks.
They use scrap bamboo as firewood.
They use split bamboo to make fans.
They strip bamboo for nipa roofing.
They live in houses made of bamboo.
They make bamboo baskets and trays.
They use bamboo as house ornaments.
They use bamboo pole as fishing rods.
They use bamboo for the corner posts.
They build farm bridges using bamboo.
They use bamboo to construct bridges.
They use half split bamboo as gutters.
They have bamboo groves in their lands.
They make woven bamboo as shrimp traps.
They use bamboo for various craft works.
They made a "Bamboo Organ" in Las Piñas.
They weave split bamboo for house walling.
They split and weave bamboo to pick cashews.
They use bamboo as fireworks on New Year's Eve.
They make bamboo musical instrument like "Pito."
They use bamboo in dancing "Tinikling,” a Filipino dance.
They use bamboo "tikin" to propel boats in the lakes and rivers.
They still use whole bamboo with an open end as downpipe for running water.
At the end of a bamboo pole (tikin) was attached a cloth soaked in vile and vinegar to quench Jesus' thirst as He suffered on the cross to redeem us, sinners.
Take pride in being creative and resourceful that boost the economy in the Philippines.

1993 All Rights Reserved

Thursday, April 10, 2008

MOTHER

~
M” is for the millions of things she did for all her children
“O” is for her open-mindedness in understanding her family
“T” is for teaching us what “needs” and “wants” truly mean
“H” is for the good heart, love, and compassion she had for us
“E” is for exceptional discipline and guidance we received from her
“R” is for the respect for what we had to say when we were young

These letters that formed the word MOTHER
mean so much to me. I only wished that she had
lived a little longer to see all her grandchildren.

By: Laura B. Corpuz
May 14, 2006

Wednesday, April 9, 2008

Holy Week Pabasa

The religious practices of the Filipinos were greatly influenced by the Spaniards who ruled the Philippine Islands for over 300 years. One of those is the Lenten practice of the Filipinos. The Holy Week celebration starts on Palm Sunday. Palm Sunday commemorates the end of Jesus' private life and the beginning of His public life and entrance to the Holy city of Jerusalem. People bring palm leaves to church to be blessed by the priest. Some palm leaves are intertwined, braided, and beautifully decorated and are preserved in homes, as well as in private altars of the Filipino people. They venerate the palm leaves for salvation, believing that they will be delivered from evil. Palm leaves symbolize the triumph of Jesus over death, death He suffered on the cross to save us, sinners. Palm Sunday celebrates Jesus' passion and death prior to his crucifixion on Golgotha, to rise again on Easter Sunday.

"Pabasa" is traditionally held in barrio chapels. The public "Pabasa” is a tradition among Filipinos; an invitation is extended to the local people, including those from the neighboring barrios. It usually starts immediately after the first Palm Sunday mass. The book of the passion of Christ is chanted in many different ways, melodies, sung or chanted in harmony. Readers (men women, even children continue reading/chanting the book of passion of Christ from start to finish). The book is written in 5-line verses and although it depicts the life of Jesus, birth, death and resurrection, the book starts with a prayer to Almighty God and to the Virgin Mother, followed by the creation of the world. The host of the public "Pabasa" sets up the altar and provides two books for the readers. One group of readers reads or chants one verse and the other group of readers reads or chants the next verse. This is a community effort of the townsfolk, because the passion readers come not only from their own barrio but also from different places or towns. The people set up a "pagoda" or a temporary tent, shelter or "kubol," where they serve the readers food. They, not only prepare snacks and drinks, but they also cook native dishes for the readers and other guests coming to participate in the readings. Readers have scheduled reading times throughout the day and night. At times, the host holds a contest and gives prizes to the best readers.

Other barrios hold their "Pabasa" on another day, so that the town’s people can participate in this glorious event. On Holy Thursday and Good Friday, there are flagellants (mandurugo), making their own sacrifices like that of Jesus' for the forgiveness of their sins. Men are usually the ones doing this form of sacrifice although there are some women who also get crucified to the cross. Men get their backs cut, (bloody), their eyes are blindfolded, crowned with branches and leaves, usually guava leaves, enduring the heat of the sun, and walking on their bare feet many miles. When they get closer to where the "pabasa" is taking place, or even in front of a house where someone is reading the passion of Christ, they stop facing the chapel or the house, kneel down, make the sign of the cross and lay on their stomachs to be whipped on their buttocks and feet by their companions. This is a practice that, even if the church leaders do not agree to, is tolerated, to respect the belief of the Filipinos about personal sacrifices and salvation. However, this form of self-sacrifice does not replace the sacrament of penance. Some carry a cross wearing a garment like that of Jesus' and would do the same thing the "mandurugo" do. At this time, the other people would hold the cross in order for the man carrying the cross to be able to kneel down and be on his stomach to be whipped. "Pabasa" usually ends on or before Good Friday and is followed by "Siete Palabras," the Seven LastWords of Jesus before he died on the cross. The recitation of the seven last words is nationallybroadcast. The entire Philippine Islands is in mourning; it's the most solemn, saddest, and quiet time of the year. In the late afternoon, the dead body of Jesus is processed on the street while the people follow the procession to bury the dead body of Jesus.

Some families hold private "pabasa" in their homes inviting only a few relatives and friends. They don't necessarily have to finish the passion of Christ book at one sitting; they allow breaks and the host family finishes reading the book, even if takes more days to finish reading it. The Way of the Cross is also reenacted by constructing fourteen Stations of the Cross in front of 14 houses throughout the town or barrio. There is a procession on the street led by a priest, while people continue to chant the Passion of Christ. As the procession goes, people go to the stations in numerical order and contemplate on that particular station of the cross. While some religious go with the Stations of the Cross on the street, others attend the Stations of the Cross held in the church or chapel.

"Sinakulo" is a stage reenactment of the Life of Jesus. This is held in some barrios and the actorsand actresses are the town's people. Participants chant the verses as in the Passion of Christ book. Early in the morning, before dawn of Easter Sunday, a double procession starts on either end of townor barrio. One procession has the Risen Christ and the other has the sorrowing Virgin Mother and Mary Magdalene carrying a bottle of perfume followed by marching bands. The processions meet in front of the chapel or church. At this time, an angel, suspended from a roof top or tree top removes the black veil covering the face of the Virgin Mary, while the other angels sing "Alleluia." The congregation then proceeds to the church for the Easter Sunday mass. This takes a lot of preparation, timing, and coordination because the two processions must be in front of the church at a specific time. (This procession only takes place once, just before the first mass on Easter Sunday.) In other parts of the country, the procession of the Risen Christ is accompanied by young boys and men while the procession of the sorrowing Virgin Mother and Mary Magdalene is accompanied by young girls and women of that town or barrio. This is a practice in Isabela, Philippines.

After the procession, an effigy of Judas, hanging on a tree, is burned. Children enjoy this activitywith great excitement because of the coins that fall down from the effigy. The coins symbolize the 30 pieces of silver Judas received from the Jews in his betrayal of Jesus.

Note:

1. As a rule, the public "pabasa" is done continuously. The readers continue to read the book nonstop. Anyone can read the book of Passion of Christ at home anytime. This is, infact, recommended by older people because of the many passages in it that have so much effects on our daily lives. To them, the book is a bible.

2. In various parts of the book of passion are the following letters
"A R A L" - and may also be chanted as

A-R-A-L

Ang unang letra'y Anunsasyon
Ikalawa'y Resureksyon
Ikatlo ay Adorasyon
Ang ika'pat ay Lamintasyon
Aral
ng Mahal na Poon.

or

A-R-A-L

Ang unang letra ay "A"
" Ere naman ang pangalawa
Ang pangatlong letra ay “A”
"Ele," pang-apat na letra
ARAL sa taong lahat na.

By: Laura B. Corpuz (laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu)

SUNGKA: An Ancient Filipino Game


Our Impong Huli (Huliana Arcega Garcia) who was born in the mid 1870's taught us how to play this game. She was the only expert I have ever known in playing Sungka.

SUNGKA: A board game of 7 equal sized holes called "bahay" and 2 bigger holes on either end of the board. Needs 98 small tamarind seeds or sea shells.

A "manu-mano" may be a choice but not necessary. "Sungka" gets to be more exciting when a player continues to play until the game is over without dying. It's like monopolizing the game. Only experts can do this kind of monopoly, like our great, great, grandparents and only if it happens in the "manu-mano" when the expert player gets to play first.

Two players sit on either side of the board across from each other. Each player fills their small houses with 7 seeds/counters each, leaving the big houses empty. The big house to the left of the player is his designated house. The goal is to store as many seeds as possible in their designated big houses. This is called "subi" literally meaning "to store." Players start playing simultaneously, going clockwise, by picking up all the seeds from one small house and dropping one seed in each house he/she passes by including his big house, but NEVER dropping a seed in the other player's big house. Wherever the last seed is dropped, the player picks up all the seeds from that house and continues to distribute them in each of the small houses. If the player drops the final seed in his big house, he may again, pick up seeds from one of his own houses and continue to drop them in all the small houses. If a player drops the last seed in an empty house of the other player, he loses his turn, and is declared "patay." If he drops the last seed in his own empty small house, he is also declared "patay." However, if there are seeds in the small house across from his empty house where he dies out, he can knock on the seeds, take them and store them in his big house. It's called "katok." That leaves 2 small houses empty, one of his houses and the one across from that empty house.

The other player continues to play until he dies out. "Sungka" player expert usually starts from the small house containing enough seeds to end up dropping the last seed in his big house. The game is over when one player runs out of seeds on his side of the board.

Both players then start filling in their small houses again, as it was in the beginning (7 seeds or counters in each small house). Begin filling the small houses from the players big house (left to right) counterclockwise. The winner of the game stores the seeds in his big "bahay" leaving the other player with less number of small houses filled. The number of empty small house(s) a player has is called "sunog.” Any remaining counters that did not total 7 are stored in that player's big "bahay."
The game starts again, and the winner of the previous game starts. This player must not drop any seeds in the opponent's burnt house(s).
The game continues until the players decide to quit and declare a winner or they wait till the loser gets more burnt houses.
*
How to Win the Game

1. The goal of Sungka is to acquire as much seeds/counters and store them in the players’ big houses.

2. Remember to always drop a seed into the player’s big house during each round.

3. Think of dropping the last seed into the player’s big house (subi) whenever there’s a chance.

4. The only seed closest to the player’s big house goes automatically to the big house. Pick up this only seed and store it in the big house (subi). Player may pick up some seeds from his side of the board and start distributing them again.

5. Think of dropping the last seed opposite the other player’s small house that has a lot of seeds. The player can knock at this small house full of seeds, take them and store them in his big house. That’s a lot of seeds taken at once. It’s a jackpot!

6. Opponent targets the small house that has a lot of seeds, so make sure to distribute them to avoid the small house getting knocked (katok) by the opponent.

7. When the other player loses the first round of Sungka he’ll have at least one burned house (sunog). Players will not drop any seed into this small burned house(s), therefore the small
house(s) on the player’s side will not be in danger of getting knocked by the opponent.

8. As a round is about to end, keep seeds away from the big house. A lot of knockings will take place now until the opponent runs out of seeds to move or store into his big house. Once a player runs out of seeds the game is over. So if the player has more seeds to move from the farthest right, the more chances the player has to get to the big house that keeps him on the game.

Note: If the winner of the first round runs out of seeds to distribute, the loser of the first round with burned house(s) has a chance to start the next round of game even if he does not have enough seeds to fill the small houses.

Have fun!

Terms:
bahay - house
katok - knock, rap, tap
manu-mano - hand-to-hand, (determine who plays first)
patay - dead
subi - keep, store
sunog - burn
Note: This game was used as a reference during the First Sungka Tournament in Vienna, Austria November 30, 2008.

Tuesday, April 8, 2008

Rhymes and Songs Taught by My Family

By: Laura Balatbat-Corpuz
jollybc2@gmail.com 3-18-1997



Rhymes, like riddles, add flavor to the Filipino culture. Some words may not mean anything but they are used to give poetic sounds. I personally believe in the antiquity of these rhymes due to the fact that these were hardly heard of and some are not even taught in schools. My family (Balatbat-Garcia) passed these on to us. I remember my mother, grandparents, great aunts and uncles entertained us at night. In the evening, especially when the moon was bright, instead of playing "Patintero," we would sit on the front porch of our grandparents' house reciting these rhymes. Our close relationship with them inspired all of us, (my sisters and cousins) to memorize them. I know all these by heart and would like to share them with you. Hopefully, you find them interesting and entertaining. There may be some other grandparents who know or have something to say about these rhymes. These rhymes truly amuse me because of the meanings behind them.

"Ang dalagang tumatanda, parang bigas na pinawa
Isabog mo man sa lupa, manok man ay ayaw tumuka."
~
"Ang dalaga kapag maganda, batiin mo'y nakatawa."

~ "Ang dalaga kapag pangit, batiin mo'y nagagalit."

~ "Ang dalaga kapag maganda parang hinog na papaya
Ikubli mo man sa sanga uukitin din ng maya."
~
"Ang dalaga kapag pangit, parang bayabas na ukit
Iladlad mo man sa langit, ibon ma'y ayaw umukit."
~
"Ang bungang hinog sa sanga, matamis ang lasa."
~
"Ang bungang hinog sa pilit, kung kainin ay mapait."
~
"Ang pag-aasawa ay hindi biro
‘Di tulad ng kanin, iluluwa kung mapaso."

~
The following (Luya, Gugo) may be sung to the tune of Leron, Leron Sinta)
~
1. Luya (Ginger)

Ako ay nagtanin ng kapirasong luya
Tumubo ay gabi, namunga ng mangga
Nang pipitasin ko'y, hinog na papaya
Bumagsak sa lupa'y, magandang dalaga.


~
2. Gugo – (Local Shampoo)

Ito palang gugo, ang bunga'y bayugo
Ibong si "tiklores" balahibo'y pito
May pang araw-araw, may pang Linggu-Linggo
Bukod ang pamista, iba ang pamasko.
~
3. Buwan (Moon)

"Buwan, buwan, sisilang; hulugan mo ako ng sundang."
"Aanhin mo ang sundang?"
"Ikakayas ko ng uway."
"Aanhin mo ang uway?"
"Itatali ko sa bahay."
"Aanhin mo ang bahay?"
"Sisidlan ko ng palay."
"Aanhin mo ang palay?"
"Kakanin ko habang buhay."

~
~ Other rhymes used by my family while playing with little children ~

These are fun games to play.
~
1. Usually played by holding baby/infants’ arms and legs together with one hand. The other hand gives a pounding motion while reciting the following rhyme. The baby/infant's legs and arms are released at the same time the word "babae/lalake" is mentioned depending on the baby/infants'gender.
~
"Pong, pong, kasili
Nanganak kagabi

Sa punong haligi
Ano anak? Ano anak?"
(Babae/Lalake
/child's name)
~
2. Another fun game to play. The child sits on the extended legs of an adult while reciting this.

Biyabo

"Biyabo, biyabo, sulutin mo si Piro
Kung may huling kuwago
Wala po kung hindi tatlo."
"Saan tayo maglalapa
Sa bahay po ni Kastila."
"Kung tayo po ay magiba
Tukuran ng mababa."
"Kung tayo po ay magiri
Tukuran ng daliri."
~

This rhyme sounds like a play itself or a pre-play.

Pen, Pen de Serapen

Pen, Pen de Serapen
De kutsilyo de almasen
Haw, haw de karabao batutin
Sayang pula tatlong pera
Sayang puti tatlong salapi
Sipit namimilipit, ginto't pilak
Namumulaklak sa tabi ng dagat.

~
Religous Rhymes: All Saints' Day

1. Kaluluwa

Kaluluwa kaming tambing
Sa purgatoryo nanggaling

Duon po ang gawa namin
Magdasal at manalangin.

Kaluluwa kaming dakma
Sa purgatoryo nagmula
Duon po ang aming gawa
Manalangin sa Bathala.

Kung kami po'y lilimusan
Dali-dalian po lamang
Baka kami'y mapagsarhan
Ng pinto sa kalangitan
.
~
2. Kalambibit (Used During Wake)
~
Dalit-dalit kalambibit
Lulutang-lutang sa tubig
* Kapag ito'y iyong nasagip
* Talian mo ng lubid.

* I made up these lines to complete the rhyme.

Damong Makahiya
(Taught by Lucila Garcia-Perona and Benita Marquez-Garcia (deceased) to their nieces)

Sa paligid nitong landas patungo sa kabukiran
May tumubong isang damo Makahiya, damong parang
Ang dahon ay maliliit, maliliit na halaman
Na sa lupa’y nakahimlay, sumusupling gumagapang.

Itong damong Makahiya ‘di paris ng ibang puno
Pagkat ito’y parang tao, may damdamin at may puso
Ang dahon ay nakabuka, sa hangin ay sumusuyo

Dahan-dahang tumitikom, pag may kamay na humipo


KATAKATAKA 
(Source: Unknown)
(Lumang awitin nina Lucila Garcia Perona at Benita Marquez Garcia)

Kataka-takang mahibang
 ang katulad ko sa iyo 
Biru-biro ang simula 
ang wakas pala ay ano? 

Aayaw-ayaw pa ako,
 ngunit ’yan ay ’di totoo 
Dahil sa iyo puso kong
 ito’y binihag mo. 

Ala-ala ka 
maging gabi’t araw 
Alipinin mo’y 
walang kailangan 

Marinig ko lang
 sa labi mo hirang 
Na ako’y iibigin
 lagi habang buhay.

(Inaawit namin ito sa hapon o sa gabi. Mahigpit ang Impong Huli namin, matandang dalaga, kaya hindi namin ipinaparinig sa kanya ang awit.) By Laura B. Corpuz * jollybc2@gmail.com

Copyright @ 1997 All Rights Reserved

Thursday, April 3, 2008

Words of Wisdom: A Collection From Various Unknown Sources

~
laurabc@bradley.edu
~
This note must accompany this material to avoid plagiarism.
~
"If it is to be, it is up to me."
~
"Children are poor men's riches."
~
"Seek the best on everyone you meet."
~
"Take the brightest view in any discussion."
~
"Be careful in decision making."
~
"Strive to realize your dreams."
~
"March to the beat of your heart's desire."
~
"Cheer things up, no troubles tell."
~
"She loves me, she loves me not, she loves me, and we tied the knot."
~
"Failure is not falling down; failure is not getting up."
~
"If you don't make mistakes, you don't make anything."
~
"Today is the beginning of the rest of your life."
~
"You pass this way but once, any good you can do, do it now."
~
"If you don't think well of yourself, no one will think anything of you."
~
"Treat your children like plants, with lots of sunshine and room to grow."
~
"While there's life, there's hope."
~
"It is hope alone that makes us willing to live."
~
"A good hope is better than a bad possession."
~
"He that can have patience can have what he will."
~
"Common sense is genius dressed in its working clothes."
~
"We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit."
~
"Recall pleasant memories."
~
"A smile and a thank you won't cost you a dime. But not doing either may cost you later."
~
"Don't think about the cost of doing something; think about the cost for doing nothing."
~
"Everything is of use to a housekeeper."
~
"It is poor heart that never rejoices."
~
"The heart should have no witness but itself."
~
"A good hope is better than a bad possession."
~
"Hope and patience are two sovereign remedies for all."
~
"Behind the dark cloud is a silver lining."
~
"If hoping does you good, hope on."
~
"Whosoever humbles himself shall be exalted."
~
"Humility is the foundation of all virtues."
~
"Life is short and the art is long."
~
"A cheerful look makes a dish a feast."
~
"God hath often a great share in a little house."
~
"A small house well filled is better than a empty palace."
~
"Every one can keep house better than the mother, till she tryeth."
~
"The husband sings and the wife accompanies."
~
"A thing of beauty is a joy forever."
~
"Happiness is a choice."
~
"Associate with positive people."
~
"If you don't make mistakes, you don't do anything."
~
"In all wedding cakes, hope is the sweetest of the plums."
~
"A deaf man and a blind wife are always a happy couple."
~
"Every man should believe there's but one good wife in the world, and that's his own."
~
"It's better to be faithful than famous."
~
"Let not your heart be troubled."
~
"Hearts may agree though the heads differ."
~
"Humility is beauty with pride and integrity."
~
"If they only married when they fell in love, most people would die unwed."
~
"All true love is grounded on esteem."
~
"The only thing that can hollow marriage is love, and the only genuine marriage is that which is hallowed by love."
~
"Love is love's reward."
~
"Love is often the fruit of marriage."
~
"Wedded love is founded on esteem."
~
"One year of love, another of comfort, and all the rest of content."
~
"The sacred academy of man's life is holy wedlock in a happy life."
~
"Common sense is genius dressed in working clothes."
~
"He who thinks he is always right needs a second opinion."
~
"I make the most of all that comes and the least of all that goes."
~
"We are shaped and fashioned by what we love."
~
"The mere sense of living is joy enough."
~
"If you don't learn from your mistakes, there's no sense making them."
~
"I am not afraid of storms for I am learning to sail my ship."
~
"You pass this way but once, any good you can do, do it now."
~
"If you don't think well of yourself, no one will think anything of you."
~
"Treat your children like plants, with lots of sunshine and room to grow."
~
"While there's life, there's hope."
~
"It is hope alone that makes us willing to live."
~
"A good hope is better than a bad possession."
~
“Happiness is a choice.”

From Laura's Collections

Wednesday, April 2, 2008

Ornamental Kitchen Essentials ~ By: Laura B. Corpuz

~
laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu
~
"Simplicity is beauty." There is beauty in simple things that many of us overlook; we are too busy of thinking other things to make any thing look pretty. But, we are blessed with so many materials around us that all we have to do is put them into something useful. Life is full of challenges and home decorating is one of them that many homemakers face. Some have very simple taste; some want their homes to be plain looking and some want their homes look fancy. All these depend on the fashion, styles, and mood of the homeowners. One thing they have in common is to make their homes look attractive, delightful, charming, and appealing, because it is the home that is the happiest place of all.
~
My grade and high school years in the 1950's opened my eyes to many craft works including bag and basket making. I learned not only to weave baskets but also how to prepare a home garden. Summer gardening here in the USA and the bountiful harvest make our homemaking and decorating so much fun. Making a basket was a challenge my friend and I took after finishing other projects in Home Economics class. We were very fortunate to be able to afford to buy necessary materials to make a basket for weaving. I vividly remembered our teacher cutting a piece of plywood with a saw for the base and shaving rattan and fine strips of bamboo. When this wastebasket was finished I placed it in our kitchen for trash use only. Macramé was the other craftwork I learned in grade school. There is beauty in our Philippine baskets and other bamboo and rattan products.

~ In high school, I white painted a hard broom, decorated it with Christmas ornaments and displayed it the entire yuletide season. Those Filipino essentials are everywhere and whenever I see them, those grade and high school years always bring back fun memories of crafts work. Baskets, brooms and garden produce are just not for the kitchen anymore. Also, decorating with them does not leave holes on the walls. They are movable and each time they are relocated, they give a new look to what we call "home sweet home."
~
* Woven baskets of different shapes and sizes would give a country look on cupboard tops. They may also be utilized as kitchen or house containers like napkin holders and other kitchen utensils/gadgets. They can be just be simply utility baskets.
~
* Bamboo/Rattan-made baskets make flower arrangements more attractive if used as a base or holders.
~
* Midribs of Palm Leaves (Tingting) give a more gracious look when added to a floral arrangement especially the curly ones. A bundle of these longer "tingting" gives a tropical look in corner of the living or family room. This also looks so cool behind a sofa or love seat.
~
* Hard Broom (Walis na Tingting) when painted white and colorfully decorated would be a lovely X'mas tree. It should be set upside down. A natural look "tingting" with fine silk flowers glued to the broom is very attractive too. A hot pot holder may be used as a base or standalone if tightly bundled.
~
* Hot pot holder (Dikin) and wood carved pot look so elegant on a glass-topped table. Its reflection on the glass top is an added beauty to a living room.
~
* Braided garlic adds an accent to a kitchen decor aside from keeping bad spirits away, as Filipinos believe. Both ends of longer or bigger braids may be tied together for wreath-like look. A ribbon may also be tied to it for added beauty.
~
* Soft Broom (Tambo) looks beautiful when hung by a fireplace. It may also be adorned with seasonal ribbons. Soft brooms bring home-style warmth to any family room.
~
* Corn Stalks beautify lawns and gardens especially in the fall season. They may be placed on the porch or tied to the yard light.
~
* Bundles of corn from the garden hung in the kitchen are a lovely decoration. Place them by a garden bench and watch some birds peck on them.
~
* Garden harvests gathered in a big basket or bushels give a bountiful look as a front porch fall display.
~
1995 All Rights Reserved
Laura B. Corpuz- laurabc@fsmail.bradley.edu

Tuesday, April 1, 2008

Reyna ng Langit (Regina Caeli)

By: E.P. Hontiveros, SJ
~
Reyna ng langit, magalak ka! Aleluya! Aleluya!
Reyna ng langit, magalak ka! Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
1. Sapagkat si Hesukristo ang Anak mo, Aleluya!
Sapagkat si Hesukristo ang Anak mo, Aleluya!
Isinilang mo si Kristo, Aleluya! Aleluya!
Siya ang ating Mananakop, Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
Ipanalangin kaming makasalanan,
Ipanalangin mo, Aleluya! Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
2. Sapagkat si Hesukristo ang Anak mo, Aleluya!
Sapagkat si Hesukristo ang Anak mo, Aleluya!
Magmuli Siyang nabuhay. Aleluya! Aleluya!
Magmuli Siyang nabuhay. Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
Ipanalangin kaming makasalanan,
Ipanalangin mo, Aleluya! Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
3. Sapagkat inakyat ka sa kalangitan, Aleluya!
Sapagkat inakyat ka sa kalangitan, Aleluya!
Nasa piling ka ni Kristo, Aleluya! Aleluya!
Reyna ng langit at lupa, Aleluya! Aleluya!
~
Ipanalangin kaming makasalanan,
Ipanalangin mo, Aleluya! Aleluya! Aleluya

Mula sa: Tayo'y Umawit at Sumamba

Thursday, March 27, 2008

Dahilan ... Tinapay

Sinulat ni Laura B. Corpuz, Marso, 1965, laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu
~~
Tandang-tanda ko pa nuong papasok sa paaralan
Isang batang munting munti ang natanaw ko sa raan
Maamo ang kanyang mukha't mga mata'y mapupungay
Alun-alon yaong buhok, sutla yata ang kabagay.
~~
Walang pag-aalinlangang siya'y aking nilapitan
Ang dalawang maliliit na kamay ay hinawakan
Mga luhang dumadaloy sa pisngi ay pinahiran
At pinalis yaong duming nasa damit na pulahan.
~~
Nang siya ay mapagmasdan ano itong naramdaman
Para bagang ako'y nasa kanyang katayuan
Na kung walang nakakita'y paano kaya ang nilalang?
Ang luha ko'y nangalaglag at hindi ko napigilan.
~~
Sa sakit na nadama'y sino ang 'di mahahabag?
Lalo na kung makikitang ang bata ay naglalakad
Walang pader na matigas dili siya napapadpad
Ang init nuong lupa'y tinitiis 'pagka't yapak.
~~
Lakas-loob kong tinanong kung ano ang kanyang 'ngalan
At saka kung sino pa ang kaniyang kasamahan
Bakit naman ikaw ay nag-iisa sa lansangan
Gayong ikaw'y munting-munti at anghel sa aking tanaw?
~~
Bahagya nang naibuka noong bata yaong bibig
Ang winika ay "Rosalita" sa mahina niyang tinig
"Ako po ay matagal nang sa magulang ko’y nawawaglit
Marahil po'y hinahanap ni Ina at aking kapatid."
~~
Pagkawika niyang gayon ay tumakbo't tumalilis
Kaya pala'y may nakitang basurahan sa isang panig
Hindi niya alintana ang sasakyang mabibilis
Ang maluwang na kalsada’y 'di natakot na tinawid.
~~
Hinalukay ang basura at naghanap ng pagkain
Naruong itagilid at ang lata'y pagulungin
Subali't wala man lamang na kahit na hihimurin
Anong hirap, anong sakit, anong haba ng tiisin!
~~
Walang anu-ano, ay may asong nagdaraan
Mayro'n itong kagat-kagat kapirasong tinapay lang
Hinabol ni Rosalita at ang aso ay inagawan
At narinig ko na lamang ay malakas na sigawan.
~~
Doon sa aking narinig at tunay na nasaksihan
Kitang kita ko pa nang siya ay magulungan
Ng isang malaki at mabilis na sasakyan
Sa awa ng mga tao, ang bata ay nilapitan.
~~
Subalit si Rosalita ay nalugnok na nga lamang
At hindi ko matiis na 'di siya mahawakan
Sa tibok ng kanyang puso na mahina at mabagal
Para bagang malapit nang si Rosalita ay pumanaw.
~~
Sa mahina niyang tinig ay winikang dahan-dahan
"Nanay ko po, Nanay ko po, nais ko po ay tinapay."
Pagkawika niyang iyon si Rosalita'y nalungayngay
Siya’y namatay na 'di man natikman ang tinapay.
~~
Ang katagang narinig ko sa bibig ng batang paslit
Sa pagkahabag ko'y nais siyang maihatid
Subalit saan kaya, saang sulok ng daigdig
Maaaring matagpuan ang Ina niya at kapatid.
~~
O kay saklap naman ng kaniyang naranasan
Matagal ding inasam ang tinapay ay matikman
Subalit si Rosalita sa aking kandungan namatay
At nilisan ang daigdig ang dahilan ay "tinapay."

Filipino Superstitions

Compiled by Laura B. Corpuz
laurabc@bumail.bradley.edu

The Filipino daily way of life is encompassed by countless sayings, proverbs, and beliefs. People tend to work around the superstitions even if they were told they may be committing a sin. Many Filipinos believe in superstitions to avoid any negative consequences. They may be true; they may be not. We hear them from our parents and grandparents, even without scientific findings or logical reasons. Most often they are coincidental and are usually referred to after the effect. Yet, superstitions are interesting components of the chemistry of Filipinos’ day in and day out activities. These are carefully observed at holidays and special occasions. Notice the Filipinos residing in other countries carry on the superstitions. "Pamahiin lang iyan," and “Masyado kang mapamahiin” are sometimes heard from the Filipinos who want to deviate from superstitions. Undoubtedly, some of the superstitions are practiced by my friends, including me, to make an occasion a fun one. I don’t see any problem with them; superstitions only tell us to be careful with whatever we want to do. I still believe in our Creator and like what Francisco Balagtas Baltazar said,

“Datapuwat sino ang tatarok kaya
Sa mahal mong lihim, Diyos na Dakila
Walang nangyayari sa balat ng lupa
Na ‘di may kagalingang iyong ninanasa.”

Besides, God is all knowing.

New Year's Eve/Day

* Fill up your canisters with rice, sugar, flour, salt, etc. on New Year's Eve. You'll live a plenty for the coming year.

* Don't eat chicken on New Year's Eve/Day. You'll live like chickens; if they don't scratch on the ground, they won't eat.

*Open your windows on New Year's Eve for prosperity during the entire year.

* Refrain from borrowing money on New Year’s Day if you don’t want to be indebted the entire year.

* Wear polka dotted clothes on New Year’s Day. It’s a sign of money.

* Businessmen think that good sale on New Year's Day brings luck for the whole year.

* Toss some coins for the children for good luck.

* Place coins on the window sill on New Year’s Eve and Day for good luck.

* Keep plenty of cash in your wallet or pockets to have plenty of money for the year.

* Avoid pouting on New Year’s Day so as not to pout all year round.

Homes/Structure

* Homeowner throws coins on housewarming day to bring luck.

* Count the steps of the house; make sure it's not 13. This is "bilang Hudas" and it's bad luck.

* Make sure the master bedroom is constructed so that it faces the east or has a window facing that direction.

* Open the east window in the morning to let God's grace in.

* Place some coins in the foundation of the cornerstone; or keep them below the master bedroom. However, don't put them by the doorstep or wealth will go away.

* Avoid doors that look like thorough fares.

* When moving into a new home, see to it that rice is brought in first.

* Have your home blessed for safety and good fortune.

* Enthrone a statue of Christ the King; Sacred Heart of Jesus, and Immaculate Heart of Mary or have the statue of the Infant Jesus in the house. Make sure they face the door to greet your guests.

* Toss coins on house warming day for good luck.

* Friends coming to a new home must enter through the front doors.

* Don't buy a house that's directly at the T intersection, it's a bad omen signifying that you'll always be pushed.

* If a shooting star is sighted, there might be a fire. It's good luck if you're able to say tomorrow's day name before the shooting star disappears and a chance to win the "huweteng” game.

* Hang braided/strands of garlic to drive bad spirit away.

Party, Health, Food

* Serve rice noodles on your birthday; it means long life.

* When a spoon falls down, it means a female guest is coming. If a fork falls down, it means a male guest is coming.

* When cooking and the stove flame are dancing/singing; expect that guests are coming.

* When a cat rubs its face with its paws, look at the direction it's facing; that's where your guests are coming from.

* Don't sing while cooking; you might marry an old man.

* Don't take the last piece of food on the platter; you might become an old maid or remain a bachelor.

* Don't clean up the dining table until everyone is finished eating. If the last one is still available', (unmarried) he/she may not get married anymore.

* Don't wash the food container your neighbor brought over; she may not bring you anymore food later.

* When eating is rushed, make sure that the plate used is turned around several times before leaving the dining table, so that the person won't get in an accident.

* Don't eat the food you brought over to the neighbor, you might get skin disease.

* Don't send food home because of spoilage but rather because you want to share.

* If you don't want the food on your plate, don't push your plate away. You may lose your food forever.

* Don't eat too many peanuts or you'll grow pimples.

* When someone is hiccupping, it means that he/she had stolen some eggs from the neighbors hen nest.

* Don't pick your pimples or they'll spread all over your face.

* Don't peep at people while dressing up; you might get a sty.

* If carabao milk and fruits are parts of a meal; be sure that carabao milk is drank first, before eating sour food/fruits, so you won't have stomach ache.

*Don't eat sour fruits while menstruating, you'll have stomach cramps.

* Do not drink coffee; it will retard your growth.

* Do not eat "penoy," you might end up in the "psychopathic."

* If a fish bone is stuck in your mouth, a breach born person has a healing power that removes it.

* Don't sleep with your hair wet; it will affect your eye sight.

* Don't shower/bathe while menstruating; heat will go to your head, and your blood pressure will rise.

* Don't shower/bathe after ironing a bunch of clothes; you'll get sick.

* Don't just lie down after running; the heat will go straight to your head and will affect your brain.

* Rest your feet before taking a bath; your veins will shrink and you'll have rheumatism.

* Eat cucumbers; they are good for your skin.

* Do not eat mangoes if you have skin rashes or chicken pox; this will worsen the itching of your skin.

* Do not cut your fingernails and toenails on Fridays; you could have bangnails.

* Never open your umbrella in the house; centipedes will fall off the ceiling.

Wedding/Marriage/Childbearing

* Lovers must not give rosary or necklace to each other, if it breaks, the relationship might also get broken

* The bride or groom whose candle lasts longer will have a longer life to live.

* Bride: When the priest gives the signal "stand up or kneel down", make sure, you make the first move. This is so the husband does not completely rule over you.

* Never try on your wedding gown; it's a sign that the wedding may be cancelled.

* The Bride and groom shouldn't be traveling to distant places before the wedding; they are accident prone at this time.

* "Sukob sa taon" (within same calendar year) marriages among brothers and sisters must be avoided. There will always be life competitions between the two couples.

* If you were the oldest child, avoid marrying another oldest child. Both of you would tend to lead the other that could lead to problems in life. This is true to the youngest child marrying another youngest child. They'll both feel like wanted to be given attention.

* If you were the youngest child, it's best to marry an oldest child. There will be better understanding between the two of you.

* It's not good to marry someone who has a mole on the face where tears normally flow.

* It's good luck if you marry someone who has a mole on the palms or just below the nostrils.

* Don't ever turn down any offer to sponsor a baptismal, confirmation or wedding. It's a blessing.

* Don't mend or hem clothes while they are on your body if you don't want to bear a child without an anus.

* Eat makopa if you want your child to have rosy cheeks.

* Don't eat "duhat" (blackberry) while attempting to conceive or else your baby will have dark complexion.

* Women with larger hips have an easier time having babies.

* If a pregnant woman's stomach is rounded, she is likely to have a girl; if it's pointed, she's likely to have a boy.

* A pregnant woman will have a girl if when seated and tries to stand up, she starts walking with the right foot; if she uses the left foot, she'll have a boy.

* Expectant mothers must not eat twin bananas to avoid having twin babies.

* Apply lipstick on the baby’s forehead so that the child won’t be “usog.”

* Do not construct a house if the mother is expecting or trying to get pregnant.

* Do not eat ginger root when trying to conceive to avoid having a baby with extra finger or toe.

* If a baby has large earlobes, it means that it will live longer life.

* To stop the baby from bottle feeding or breast feeding; rub fish bile on the nipple.

* When an infant or baby comes to your house for the first time give him/her a small bag of rice to take home so that the child won’t go hungry.

* When coming indoors after an afternoon's game/play with a child; mention or call the child's name before entering the house. It's believed that the child's spirit might be left
outdoors and this would cause the child to have a sleepless night.

* Wrap the newly born baby's umbilical cord, paper and pencil in a plastic bag; throw the bag in the river and watch what happens. If it goes far, it means that the child will go to
distant places and if it's caught by twigs in the water the child may only stay in its hometown/country.

Intelligence/Education

* Don't sit on your books or you'll get dumb.

* Carry books on your head; you'll get smart.

* Use your book as a pillow; you'll get smart.

* Press the book or notebook on your forehead; it helps you in memorizing its contents.

* Wide forehead signifies intelligence.

* If you want your child to be intelligent, have an intelligent person give your baby its first haircut; then keep some in a bible, dictionary or a book.

Dead, Death, and Dying

* When a dog is howling, making a spooky cry, it means that death is coming to someone.

*A beautiful flower or candle scent smelled in a home after a death of a beloved, means there's a spirit of the dead visiting who wants the relatives to know he/she's around. Pray for his/her soul.

* When someone is dying, say "JESUS" out loud so the dying person will hear it and repeat the word for his salvation.

* If a pregnant woman is a close relative of the dead, make sure that she leaves the house first before the body is taken to be buried. She might have a difficult time delivering the baby if she doesn't. (Many visitations are held in homes, and from there the dead are taken to the cemetery.)

* When sending a rosary with the corpse; cut it into pieces. This is believed to hinder anymore tragedy in the family.

* Take the shoes off the corpse; to lessen the spirit's weight in its journey to heaven.

* If the dead person is a mother/father to an infant or a little child, pick up the child and pass him or her over the coffin, so the spirit won't appear to the child.

* A succor asked of the dead is very powerful.

* Don't carry your hands on top of your head; one of your parents might die.

* When you are dreaming and a dead person asks you to come along with him/her, DON'T go.

* It's a bad omen if you dream of riding in a boat.

* If you dreamt of yourself dying; bite the trunk of the tree in your backyard so that bad omen would go to the tree instead of to you.

* If someone dreamt of loosing a tooth, it means that someone in the family might be dying.

* When the funeral procession is passing by your house, awaken the person sleeping; otherwise he/she may be the next one to die.

* If a butterfly comes flattering around inside someone’s house, it means that the spirit of a loved one that had passed away is visiting or reminding the family to pray for the dead; it may also be a reminder that a death anniversary is coming soon.

* Dress all infants in bright red when someone in the family dies so that the spirit of the dead does not appear to the child.

Money/Gift Giving/Receiving

* When giving a purse/wallet as a gift, put some coins/notes in it.

* When transferring contents from an old purse/wallet to a new one, do not invert purse/wallet. It might run empty.

* Never leave a purse on the floor; always set it on something, or your budget might run low.

* It's good to be discrete about your finances but never say "I have no money," or else you might lose money and will really NOT have any money.

* 99 centavos is not a peso. 99 cents is not a dollar.

* Don't accept footwear from a friend; he/she might be stepping on your toes later.

* Don’t accept knives as gift; offer a small amount of money.

Moles

* A birth mark around the eye means you are appealing to guys.

* A birth mark on the chest means you are a true lover.

* If someone has a mole on the sole of the foot, it means that person loves to walk all the time.

* If someone has a mole on his back, it means that the person wants to lie around and be plain lazy.

* A mole on the eyebrows means good luck in business.

* A mole on the palm means good luck.

Other Beliefs

* Don't play with spiders; you'll have a difficult time in life

* Never discard dirty, old clothes; wash them first.

* Don't sweep the ground at dusk; the Virgin Mary is taking a walk and might catch the dust in her eyes.

*It's a bad luck to meet a black cat on a Friday morning.

* Breaking a mirror or glass is a bad omen.

* Having a disabled or handicapped child is your luck; caring for the child will give you more fortune.

* When you bit your lip/tongue, it means you're the subject of a conversation.

* When your nose itches, it means that someone is kissing your photo.

* Pull an eyelash to cure a sty.

* When thundering or lighting, recite this “Sancta Maria, Mater Christi, Sanctifica, Salve me.”
Coryright @ 1990 All Rights Reserved